Achieving Sustainable Development Through Reuse Environmental Sciences Essay

Abstraction

All over the universe, rapid industrial development of metropolitan metropoliss have ever resulted in a growing in population and besides in the general addition of the size of municipal solid waste generated. The direction of municipal solid waste, if non handled decently, will take to assorted jobs now and in the hereafter. Developed states in the universe have, to a big extent succeeded in managing their waste utilizing assorted rules and methods. From suited aggregation methods to technologically advanced disposal methods, they have made certain that municipal solid waste has been efficaciously controlled in their metropoliss.

Unfortunately, the same can non be said about other developing states of the universe. Developing states such as Nigeria are still combating with municipal solid waste direction. As a direct consequence of the oil roar, Port Harcourt metropolis, the capital of Rivers State, Nigeria ( which is the instance survey of this research work ) has experienced a major rural- urban migration. The population has about tripled over the old ages. This has, in bend, led to a monolithic addition in the sheer volume of solid waste generated within the city..

Approximately 168,201 metric tons of solid waste are produced in the metropolis of Port Harcourt every twelvemonth and waste disposal has non been efficaciously handled. Residents resort to indiscriminate discarding of their waste at every given chance The most common agencies of waste disposal in the metropolis by the populace are chiefly by dumping the garbage by the route, firing the garbage in the unfastened air in their compounds, littering it openly on street corners and besides dumping them in rivers and watercourses and drainage systems. These methods of waste disposal contribute greatly to the debasement of the environment in so many ways. However, really small is done to recycle and recycle the solid waste generated. Research shows that a immense per centum of the public do non recycle and recycle their wastes which indicates that the awareness degree of the populace about reuse and recycling of waste in Port Harcourt metropolis is really low and offers a batch of chance for betterment.

This survey hence investigates the grounds why proper waste disposal methods are neglected by occupants of Port Harcourt. It besides seeks to detect why the method of Reuse and Recycle of waste is non acquiring the consciousness and Government support it greatly deserves. Recommendations were made about schemes that will let the authorities and stakeholders involved to progress on modern methods of waste Reuse and Recycling as a nucleus facet of municipal solid waste direction in the metropolis. Through the usage of informations collated via questionnaires, it was gathered that a bulk of respondents agree that reuse and recycling of waste can positively impact the environment, create gross and besides employment chances. It reconnoitres the nexus between reuse and recycling of solid waste as a means to make gross and to finally accomplish sustainable development in the hereafter.

Dedication

To God Almighty whose grace has brought me this far and will ne’er et me fallaˆ¦aˆ¦..mu na chi m so.

Recognition

TITLE PAGEaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

ABSTRACTaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦

DEDICATIONaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

Table OF CONTENTaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

List OF FIGURES AND TABLESaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

Table OF CONTENT

Chapter 1

INTRODUCTIONaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

Background of Studyaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

Problem Statementaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

Purposes and Objectivesaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

Research Questionsaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦

Significance of Studyaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

Scope of Studyaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦

Structure of Studyaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

Chapter 2

2.0. LITERATURE REVIEWaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

2.1 Definition of Wasteaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦

2.2 Categorizations of Wasteaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

2.3 Municipal Solid Waste Managementaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦

2.4 Principles of Waste Managementaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

2.4.1 Prevention of Wasteaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

2.4.2 Recovery of Wasteaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

2.5 Waste Composition in Port Harcourtaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

2.6 Municipal Solid Waste Management in Port Harcourtaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

2.7 Review of EU/UK ordinances on Solid Waste Managementaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

2.8 Existing Environmental Policies in Nigeria/Port Harcourt

( Legal model ) aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦

2.8.1 Institutional Frameworkaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦

2.9 Reuse and Recycling of Municipal Solid Wasteaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

2.9.1 Reuse and Recycling a tool for Sustainable Developmentaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

2.9.2 Reuse and Recycling as an avenue for Revenue Generationaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

2.9.3 Existing province of Reuse and Recycling of MSW in Port Harcourtaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦

Chapter 3

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Methodologyaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦

Reasons for pick of Methodologyaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦

Primary Data Collectionaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

Secondary Data Collectionaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

Analysis of Resultaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

Ethical motives of Research Considerationaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

Chapter 4

RESULT ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION

Resultsaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

Risk Assessment on MSW generated in Port Harcourtaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

Significant Risks of Indiscriminate waste Disposal in Port

Harcourt/Health & A ; Environmental implicationsaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

4.3 Composition of Waste in Port Harcourtaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦

4.4 Growth and Employment through Reuse & A ; Recyclingaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦

4.5 Discussion of Resultsaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

4.5.1 Waste coevals and Compositionaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

4.5.2 Methods of Municipal Solid Waste Collection and

Disposalaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

4.6 Problems Affecting Reuse & A ; Recycling of Municipal Solid

Waste in Port Harcourtaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

4.7 Benefits of Reuse & A ; Recycling of Municipal

Solid Waste Management..aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

4.7.1 Environmental Benefits of Reuse and Recycling of Paperaˆ¦aˆ¦ .

4.7.2 Environmental Benefits of Reuse and Recycling of Plasticsaˆ¦aˆ¦ .

4.7.3 Environmental Benefits of Reuse and Recycling of Glassaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦

4.8 Overall Economic Benefit of Reuse & A ; Recycling of Municipal

Solid Wasteaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

4.9 Demerits of Reuse & A ; Recycling of Municipal solid Wasteaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

Chapter 5

5.0 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary of Findingsaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

5.2 Recommendationsaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .

Conclusionaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦..

Reference aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ .