The intent of this survey programme is to find if pupils from the simple degree of Hin Hua High School ( Chinese Independent School ) improved in their ability to compose in English after holding studied specifically developed course of study. The 7-hour remedial programme is to be conducted one time the academic section releases the concluding appraisal classs. Fifteen pupils with the lowest mark were selected utilizing the standard method to undergo the remedial programme. the importance of all six major

facets of composing measured in the English Test which comprises chiefly punctuation, grammar and use, sentence construction, scheme, organisation, and manner. It is believed by go toing the remedial programme selected pupils would be able to demo the ability to do and joint judgements by taking place on an issue or job. Besides prolonging a place by concentrating on the subject throughout the authorship. They are alson expected to develop a place by showing support or grounds utilizing specific inside informations and do illations based on support or grounds. Most significantly, they should be able to form and present thoughts in a logical manner by logically grouping and sequencing thoughts. Hence communicate clearly by utilizing linguistic communication efficaciously and by detecting the conventions of standard written English


As a linguistic communication instructor, I frequently select composing undertakings from linguistic communication text editions to assist pupils better their authorship ability. Behaviorists, communicative, cognitive, and discourse theories could act upon composing attacks in linguistic communication text editions. Each theoretical model has provided us with a better apprehension of the multiple dimensions and intents of learning composing. A reappraisal of the developments in composing teaching method leads us to reason that we could learn composing as a agency to better lingual, rhetorical and communicative competency or as a find and cognitive procedure. The composing undertakings that we select from linguistic communication text editions and assign to pupils could reflect one or some of these pedagogical intents. As instructors, we need to oppugn and understand the pedagogical premises of text edition composing undertakings so that we can choose undertakings that will assist our pupils become confident authors and independent minds.

Primary pupils come ining the secondary school degree ( high School ) are challenged non merely to larn new content in the subjects but besides to pass on this. A important figure of pupils will non hold equal academic literacy degrees to be able to make this successfully ( Jones and Bonanno, 1995 ( 1 ) . Atlhough traditionally pupils were expected to develop academic literacy accomplishments without any expressed instruction of these accomplishments, schools now recognize the progressively diverse backgrounds of their pupil populations and have put in topographic point mechanisms for assisting pupils develop their academic literacy. These have included the constitution of literacy and larning units every bit good as the demand for school course of study to turn to the instruction of composing accomplishments including communicating accomplishments.

English Learning Centre of Hin Hua High School Klang, like other literacy and larning units, has been involved in a figure of collaborative undertakings with instructors involved in learning Junior One to incorporate the instruction of communicating accomplishments into the course of study ( Webb et al, 1995, Taylor and Drury, 1996 ) . These enterprises have resulted in the development of new learning stuffs and attacks every bit good as new patterns of appraisal and feedback. However, as capable country course of study are being adapted to computer-based signifiers of acquisition, it is besides necessary to see how the instruction of communicating accomplishments can be integrated into these plans or how the instruction of communicating accomplishments can be contextualized within the acquisition of capable country cognition. With the current demand for propheciuency in English Language great importance has been given to developing plans to transfuse good composing manners to the simple scholars which aims to assist pupils go successful editors of their ain authorship.


Writing accomplishments have been identified as to better pupils ‘ thought. Moffett and a few others have developed cognitively sequenced course of study for simple and secondary authorship, college composing, when it is sequenced at all, tends to trust on structural or rhetorical agreements, which are neither consecutive nor cumulative. Progressions from word to condemn to paragraph to theme confuse quantitative with qualitative growing, while rhetorical sequences confront pupils with cognitive jobs of different but equal complexness. In short, from a cognitive position, most writing direction in higher instruction is consistent with that in secondary instruction: what Stephen Judy described as “ Advanced Hodgepodge ” in high school gives manner to “ Arrogant Hodgepodge ” in college.

A big and turning organic structure of research, nevertheless, shows that cognitive development follows a hierarchal sequence of phases and suggests that a course of study can be consecutive organized to advance cognitive development.

Bloom ‘s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives provides some indispensable connexions between the cognitive abilities we expect of college pupils and a course of study that can excite those abilities Bloom ‘s Taxonomy is one solution to the cognitive odds and ends of the authorship course of study. It allows us to sequence direction and assignments in ways that speak straight to pupils ‘ developmental demands.

From least to most complex, For composing direction the taxonomy provides a flexible theoretical account of what happens cognitively in the acquisition procedure Bloom described a six phase sequence: Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Synthesis, and Evaluation. ( See Figure 1 )

Figure 1.0 The flow chart of Bloom ‘s Taxonomy

At each new degree, thought procedures construct on and embrace old degrees. Implicit in this construction is the premise of an go uping graduated table of trouble and fullness. Thinking at the comprehension degree is more demanding than at the cognition degree ; cognitive jobs necessitating synthesis or rating encompass all the preceding degrees.

A reappraisal of Bloom ‘s definitions for each systematic degree suggests what such a cognitively-based authorship class might imply. Although the focal point of each degree is cognitive, rhetorical issues of audience and intent are every bit appropriate and can be specified for any assignment.

Most of all, the taxonomy allows us to contemplate the value and feasibleness of a cognition-based course of study in composing. Such a course of study would reflect the hierarchal dealingss of the assorted idea procedures and would assist to command for cognitive complexness in authorship and believing about falsifying natural discourse. In this signifier, composing or writing-intensive classs would consistently develop pupils ‘ thought accomplishments instead than go forthing them to opportunity or, worse, blunting the author ‘s still-developing ability to research and show thoughts. In short, a cognition-based course of study ensures that pupils take part to the full in utilizing composing as a manner of acquisition.


The remedial programme is targeted for the simple scholars who are in the procedure of upgrading their authorship accomplishments to the pre -intermediate degree. A sum of 15 pupils are selected from the age group of 13 old ages old based on the concluding semester scrutiny consequences. The scrutiny fundamentally structured in conformity to the text edition presently used in the school course of study, New Opportunities ( Pearson Longman-Cambridge ) . Basically the ( Stiggins to foreground achievement differences between and among pupils to bring forth a, 1994 ) . School systems might desire to sort pupils in this manner so that they can be heighten their competence degree even further. The major ground for utilizing a norm-referenced trial ( NRT ) is to sort pupils. NRTs are designed on reliable rank order of pupils across a continuum of accomplishment from high winners to low winners be decently placed in remedial or talented plans. These types of trials are besides used to assist instructors choice pupils for different ability degree reading or mathematics instructional groups. As the selected pupils fall under the below mean group in Paper 1 ( Writing Assessment ) whereby there are two parts that the had to finish here: Section A Notes Expansion and SECTION B Continuous Writing ( Choose one subject out of five given ) From the academic analysis it was found that bulk pupils failed in Section B where it consists of 25 % of the entire Markss of 40 % of the Writing paper. Thus they are required to go to a 7 hr remedial programme to better their authorship accomplishments by at least 85 % .

FINAL Semester: Paper 1 RESULTS ( 40 % )



SECTION ( 15 % )

Section B ( 25 % )































































The grounds for the remedial plan to be initiated is to break the scholars in their authorship accomplishments and beef up it so that they have all capablenesss to be promoted to the following degree but due to certain infinitesimal factors they fail to adhere to the criterions of the pre-intermediate degree. Therefore these pupils are carefully selected utilizing the standard method to undergo the 7 hr remedial programme.

In order to bore and actuate these pupils in the remedial programme an enriching lesson program is formulated to make a positive result at the terminal of the the 7 hr remedial programme. The intents for stressing authorship accomplishments are to bring forth who can grok instruction and acquisition in a positive mental properties. There is a broad organic structure of research proposing that measuring pupils ‘ written public presentation is a valuable project. Not merely is an teacher able to assist a pupil ‘s advancement, but besides the teacher can ease the acquisition procedure and the acquisition results by being cognizant of pupil public presentation throughout the academic session.

Figure 2.0: The Purpose for Teaching Writing

Undeniably, 3R accomplishments are of import and necessary in day-to-day life. They are besides needed to back up the development of a knowledge-based economic system.

Acknowledging these demands, the school has initiated and implemented programmes to place pupils who have non mastered the 3Rs. These programmes are designed to specifically turn to and get the better of the inability of pupils to get the hang the 3Rs. This is in line with the essentialism which instills pupils with academic cognition and character development.

Among the programmes that have been implemented in schools are the Early InterA­vention Reading and Writing Class, Basic Skills for Reading, Writing and Counting Programme and the Literacy and Numeracy Programme at Level One.

3.1 Sub-skills of Writing

Besides boring and enriching the remedial scholars with the nucleus authorship accomplishments, there are besides exposed to the importance of sub-skills in their acquisition such as:

I Manipulating the book of the linguistic communication: script, spelling and punctuation.

II Expressing grammatical [ syntactic and morphological ] relationships at the sentence degree

III Expressing information or cognition in authorship:



IV Enrichment of Vocabulary

Part B

4.0 Aims of the 7-hour remedial programme

The chief purpose in presenting and implementing the remedial programme peculiarly in the facet of composing accomplishments is to chiefly:

to develop competences in composing accomplishments among scholars

to travel from a teacher-centered didactic theoretical account to a student-centered constructivist theoretical account

to get the ability to compose in a more clear, concise and acceptable mode

5.0 Instructional Design: Using the ADDIE Model to Construct Writing Competency Among Remedial Learners

Table 2.0 ADDIE ‘s Model

5.1 Model

The generic term for the five-phase instructional design theoretical account dwelling of Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation.A Each measure has an result that feeds into the following measure in the sequence.A There are likely over 100+ different fluctuations of the generic ADDIE theoretical account. Instructional design purpose for a scholar -centered instead than a traditional teacher-centered attack to direction, so that effectual acquisition can take topographic point. This means that every constituent of the direction is governed by the acquisition results, which have been determined after a thorough analysis of the scholars ‘ demands.

This phases sometimes overlap and can be interrelated ; nevertheless they provide a dynamic, flexible guideline for developing effectual and efficient direction.

Figure 3.0 Instructional Design: Using the ADDIE Model

5.2 ADDIE ‘S Theory

The ADDIE direction theoretical account for this desin is outlined by Smith and Ragan ( 1995 ) in their book entitiled Instructional design. The focal point is n 5 points Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation. From this theory the analysis has proved that there was a demand to carry on remedial programme for the simple low scorers where an opportunty was given to larn and develop basic essay composing accomplishments.

6.0 Remedial Education Programme

In Malaysia, the importance of remedial instruction gained attending in the sixtiess. Consequences of a pilot undertaking in nine schools between 1967 and 1970 showed a demand for remedial instruction, particularly for students in rural countries. This paved the manner for remedial instruction programmes in primary schools. The innovators in the field attended a biennial intensive class on remedial instruction in the United Kingdom. Subsequently, a national series of seminars and workshops on remedial instruction were organized. With the exclusion of little schools or under-enrolled schools, every school is allocated one remedial instruction instructor. At the school degree, a Remedial Education Committee is formed, consisting the schoolmaster, remedial instruction instructor, category instructor, capable instructor, resource Centre coordinator, and other instructors as members.

The debut of a new course of study for primary schools in 1983 implied a return to the rudimentss in instruction. The ultimate end was to guarantee that no student is illiterate by the

twelvemonth 2000. The execution of the remedial instruction programme for kids in

Primary 1-3 is to guarantee that they master the 3Rs. Childs who have been recommended for remedial instruction are required to go to remedial categories. As of 1999, 54,000 primary school kids have undergone the intercession programme.

In add-on to bettering and heightening instructor development, the Malayan authorities besides works towards bettering the course of study at school to run into the altering demands of the economic system. During the Fourth Malaysia Plan, the primary school course of study was revised with the purpose of supplying and set uping a steadfast instruction in reading, authorship, and arithmetic. This led to the development of a new course of study stressing the 3Rs. Surveies looking at the returns to instruction in Malaysia have found positive consequences in those who have had some signifier of formal instruction, thereby supplying support to the authorities guidelines on the primary course of study which emphasizes the acquisition of basic skills.Education in Malaysia, altering really quickly reacting to the emerging focal point of womb-to-tomb acquisition ; the turning accent on larning ; as opposed to making and the development of the new bringing systems

6.1 The Educational, Philosophical and Psychological foundation

Elementary instruction shall take to develop the religious, moral, mental and physical capablenesss of the kid, supply him with experiences in the democratic manner of life, and instill thoughts and attitude necessary for enlightened, loyal, unsloped and utile citizenship. To accomplish these aims, simple instruction course of study shall supply for the:

ingraining of religious and civic values and the development of a good citizen based on an staying religion in God and echt love of state ;

preparation of the immature citizen in his rights, responsibilities and duties in a democratic society for active engagement, in a progressive and productive place and community life ;

development of basic understanding about Malayan civilization, the desirable tradition and virtuousnesss of our people as indispensable necessities in achieving national consciousness and solidarity ;

instruction of basic wellness cognition and the formation of desirable wellness wonts and patterns ;

development of functional literacy in English as basic tools for farther acquisition ; and

acquisition of cardinal cognition, attitudes, wonts, and accomplishments in scientific discipline, civics, civilization, history, geographics, mathematics, humanistic disciplines, and place economic sciences and support instruction and their intelligent application in appropriate life state of affairss.

The Elementary Basic Education Curriculum focuses on the tool larning countries for an equal development of competences for larning how to larn. A

The end of Instructional design is to back up the cognitive procedures that result in acquisition ( McGriff ) . The expected result of instructional design is to supply cognition and accomplishments to people. The three major larning theories are Constructivism, Behaviorism, and Cognitive. Instructional Design is based on constructivist rules. Instructional design is associated with instructional systems development ( Leshin et al, 1992 ) . An Instructional System is the “ agreement of resources and processs to advance acquisition ” ( Berger and Kam ) .

6.2 Programme Design: ADDIE Model

ADDIE is a all-purpose theoretical account, which can be used to make instructional merchandises and plan design. ADDIE is the acronym for Analyze, Design, Develop, Implement and Evaluate and summarizes the five stairss in the Instructional Design procedure. The instructional interior decorator makes determinations critical to guaranting the effectivity of the educational experience in each stage of the procedure. In conformity with the procedure betterment theoretical account, the five stages are a “ cringle, ” with the betterment of larning results as the end.

Dick and Carey and Kemp ( Kemp,, 1998 ) expanded the ADDIE Model into nine elements. The Dick and Carey Model uses a Reductionist attack in interrupting direction down into smaller sections aiming bomber accomplishments. The scholar is required to maestro of bomber accomplishments, which are aggregated to accomplish overall accomplishment command and learned behaviour. It provides a systematic attack to curriculum and plan design.

Teaching is basically a philosophical enterprise and hence educational activity can be conceived within the context of a doctrine or worldview. The curricukum refelects the art and trade of learning. Educational engineering can supply diverseness of believing sing course of study and direction which would be curriculum theorizing.

6.2.1 Analysis

Basically the nature of the pupils whom the remedial programme to be conducted are pupils who learn English Language as a 2nd linguistic communication. They are originally from Chinese talking households with a minimal exposure to English Language. Due to the outlook of the school and the educational demands in adhering English as one of the nucleus topics in school these pupils are required to hold in deepness cognition and accomplishment in it. All of them have been educated in the Chinese primary school instruction system.

Based on the concluding semester scrutiny consequences 15 pupils are selected to undergo remedial programme as they fall in the boundary line line instances.The pupils get hapless composing accomplishments, while being able to build sentences reasonably good, they seem to hold great trouble in forming and developing their thoughts into the signifier of an essay that has an debut, organic structure and decision.

In order to advance these pupils to the following degree that is the pre-intermediate stage from their beginning simple degree the English Language Department found it critical for them to go to a 7-hour remedial programme in order to happen solution to this state of affairs. All of them need to foster develop their authorship accomplishments in term of coherence and coherency ; clip and pattern.

6.2.2 Design

The chief design end for our programme would be on the cognitive schemes of being able to develop an thought for composing since all of them com e from a really similar background and have basic sentence composing accomplishments. Besides the development of linguistic communication in the mechanics of sentence building such as sentence structure, grammar, construction, etc given precedence.

R.Gagne ( 1965 ) divided larning into 5 classs: Verbal or declaratory cognition, rational accomplishments, cognitive schemes, attitudes and psychomotor accomplishments. The acquisition ends are besides in connexion to these classs to seek to set educational value behind our ends. At the same clip the end besides reflects competencies lineations by Benjamin Bloom ( Bloom,1956 ) . These include: Knowledge, Conprehension, Application, Analysis, Synthesis an Evaluation. These give our ends cogency whereby competences are incorporated in conveying about concrete undertaking for scholars that we assign in order to accomplish their ends. Hence in the rating stage, we can utilize this facet to happen out the cogency and the achievement of the scholars in implementing the programme.

Learning Goals and Type of Learning





Learners will place an essay subject and 3 sub-topics

Standards established by Hin Hua High School, English Language Department

Cognitive schemes


Learners will be able to compose a 3 paragraph essay with an debut, 2 bomber subjects to include their sentiments, thoughts and decision

Standards established by Hin Hua High School, English Language Department



Intellectual Skills




Learners will be able to utilize the library and Handouts to research printed information on their subjects

Standards established by Hin Hua High School, English Language Department

Procedural cognition ( declaration cognition )


Learners will be able to utilize proper mechanics of grammar sentence structure

Standards established by Hin Hua High School, English Language Department

Intellectual Skills


Learners will be able to show their subjects in category

Standards established by Hin Hua High School, English Language Department

Declaration cognition


Table 3.0 Learning Goals and Type of Learning

6.2.3 Development

In order to set up a accessible remedial programme for the simple scholars, we English instructors have developed a remedial programme which will set about a 7 hr larning procedure. The instructors from the same degree have brainstormed and come up with a class content for the 7-hour instruction and larning programme.

The instructors from the same instruction degree are the best individual to make the lesson as they deal with the same competence degree of pupils all the clip and are considered experts in their country. Besides this, they will be able to do he printed and computing machine stuffs and added measure of acquiring the right content for the degree. On top of that since they have already been learning in the same range so they will be doubtless familiar in the procedure of instruction and steering the scholars in order to do the remedial programme a success.

6.2.3. ( 1 ) Procedure

The remedial programme would be in the English medium since the chief aim is to better composing accomplishments among simple scholars.

The programme consists of 6 regular Sessionss and followed by a reappraisal and a trial twenty-four hours. Each hr is scheduled to be conducted for 60 proceedingss

***Details on the whole programme given on Part D

6.2.4 Execution

Further to the development to the development the instructors would be equipped with integral class content for he programme. The faculty would be prepared in balance with the clip frame allotted for the programme. Any instructor who is selected for this undertaking should be ready to set about the instruction procedure based on the strategy that has been prepared.

Al cubic decimeter 15 pupils will be instructed to go to the programme for 7 hours. These are the assorted facet of execution emphasized in the learning procedure:

Table 4.0 Learning Process Implementation

6.2.5 Evaluation

The rating stage consists of two parts: formative and summational. Formative rating is present in each phase of the ADDIE procedure. Summational rating consists of trials designed for sphere specific criterion-related referenced points and supplying chances for feedback from the users.

Chiefly the rating is done in two parts. The first stage will be the rating of pupil work based on the aims in the “ Learning ends and type of larning ” listed above. Students will be rated by their instructor based on the A, B, C, F standards set by the English Department. An Angstrom is first-class work, B is mean, and C will intend pupil demands betterment. An F would intend that pupil failed the composing appraisal with below 60 % of grade. Students will be evaluated at each phase of the class. The section will utilize this rating in order to happen out how they might necessitate to modify the programme in the hereafter.

A summational rating will be conducted as outlined by Smith and Ragan ( 1999, p.352 ) . Those writers explain that in order to measure the effectivity, entreaty, and efficiency of direction, a aggregation, analysis and sum-up of informations on pupils ia indispensable.

In our designed programme an test is built to entree pupils of their command on the abilities taught during the programme.Students are to demo their capablenesss in their apprehension and cognition taught to them by finishing the set of prep targeted to them. Students will be graded on from 1 to 5 for their abilities in each of the undermentioned subdivisions:

Student name

Student able to take a subject n sub-topics

Student able to utilize press releases information

Student able to finish the essay

Score dated from 1 to 5

1: hapless

2: Able to understand the authorship construct with some counsel

3: Able to finish the undertaking with aid and support

4: Able to understand the construct and finish the undertaking separately

A pre-test and post-test can mensurate how good learners achieved the

larning aims. However, it normally takes more clip and attempt to mensurate

things such as whether the scholars will utilize their preparation. This rating stage

can widen for months.

Upon completion of the programme the pupils ‘ feedback will be collected to further estimate the success of the programme. Questions are besides answered on a graduated table of 1 to 5. 1 is low and 5 is high. The standard inquiries constructed are as below:

Were you satisfied with the content of this class?

Were you able to understand the instructor ‘s account?

Were you able to set into pattern elements that you learnt?

Did you fond the class interesting?

On a graduated table of 1 to 5, what is your general feeling about the class?

Part C


Below is the sum-up of the feedback received from two of the Senior Teachers from the English Language Department of Hin Hua High School sing the 7hour remedial programme on composing accomplishments.

Reviewer 1: Mdm Annaletchumy Reviewer 2: Ms Sastina

The strengths and failings of the freshly developed Remedial Programme for Elementary Students


1. Learning by actively take parting in group treatment

2. Encouraging pupils to build their ain thoughts and cognition of the subject

3. Student-centered instead than teacher or subject-centered

4. Teaching assistance contributed to pupil ‘s visual image on the subject given

5. Suitable to student ‘s development degree

6. Group work enables pupils to self – express, to be self-assured and self-


7. Promote teacher to develop pupil ‘s originative thought abilities

8. Stressing the construct of group work and peer rating where no pupil

Is left behind

9. Promoting the co-operation among pupils and instructor positively

10. Enables pupil to hold a positive mentality in originative authorship


1. Unsuitability of activities for crowded room

2. Lack of stuffs used as assistance for pre-writing undertaking

3. Lack of instructor ‘s rating on the first stage of composing

4. Certain undertaking may take more clip than the planned clip

5. Peer rating on composing inappropriate attack for simple scholars

8.0 Summary of Review

Summarized below are some of the achievements and challenges I personally went through in building the remedial programme:

8.1 Strengths

8.1.1 Improved pupils attitude and motive

Students are mentally prepared to take part in the programme because pupils agree to a peculiar gait, work load, and larning environment from the beginning.

8.1.2 Making Learning Communities:

Classs map as Teach communities both teacher and their pupils benefit – in both societal and academic countries – from working with each other over a full programme.

8.1.3 Extinguishing Stigma of Dependency:

The construct group work and peer rating removed the stigma of being excessively dependent on the instructor Writing stuffs.

8.2 Failings

8.2.1 Students engagement

Some scholars will non lend in due to the deficiency of involvement or proficiency

8.2.2 Stipulated Time

The period allotted might non be sufficient for certain undertaking. Thus this will

hold or sometimes disrupt the whole programme construction.

8.2.3 Truly in equal marker

Some scholars will non adhere by the regulations set in equal marker when it comes to

appraisal. Favoritisms and ego -centered will act upon the observation

9.0 Decision

It is expected that by go toing this theoretical account of English remedial direction it will be good to low English winners. Students will derive well in grammar and vocabulary and they will besides bit by bit better in their overall English competency. Based on the remarks from the referees it can be concluded that scholars will be efficaciously better their English authorship accomplishments through the prepared class faculty for the remedial programme. A well-designed class will decidedly give them encouragement and support to promote their English proficiency and be prepared for the following degree, pre=intermediate.

10.0 PART D



Purposes: by the terminal of my lesson, pupils will be able to compose a full-length essay on Endangered Species and better their attack of composing schemes.

Auxiliary purpose: pupils will be able to better their usage of associating words in controlled and less controlled authorship activities on Endangered Speciess

Evidence: ( How will I know I have achieved the purpose? )

Students will be able to finish effect and short authorship scheme undertakings: Quizzes, Test

Students will be able to finish their group presentation and compose a full length essay on Endangered Species.


Course Content prepared by Elementary instructors from the English Department of Hin Hua High School, Klang.

1. New Opportunities Students Book ( Module 7- Endangered Species )

2. Multimedia devices

3. Cultural consciousness

Context: Endangered Speciess

Anticipated Problems

( e.g. Topic, the Language, Management, Activities, Learning, Styles )


1.Students have no cognition of Endangered Species

Promote them to look at the exposure

2.Students are non able to do connexion with the subject

Promote them to work in groups

3.Students find composing within the clip frame really demanding

Set and maintain rigorous clip bounds

4. Students may non understand the right vocabulary use for the undertaking

Pre-teach the vocabulary before pupils do the undertakings

5. Students may non be able to compose much about Endangered Speciess

Get them to work in groups and portion thoughts.


1. Some pupils have cognition of Endangered Species and hold read about them

2. Students have cognition of the extinction of animate beings.

3. Some pupils have had exposure through the media and cyberspace on the Endangered Species development.

4. Students have sufficient vocabulary to get down the authorship.

5. Students understand and use some linking words and sequence connections taught.

Timing ( mins )

Phase name





Ice- Breaker

Teacher sticks up assorted sorts of carnal images on the whiteboard and asks pupils to do a conjectures on animate beings of endangered species.

T negotiations about the images and T proctors activity.

T gets feedback on activity and writes a few conjectures on WB

To warm up the category and to set up a game- like ambiance

To research around the category, to be introduced to the subject of endangered species, bit by bit

To interchange positions for their picks with grounds given

T -S

T – Second

S – Second

T – Second

S – Second


Pre-writing ( a )

After feedback, T gives a presentation on several species of endangered animate beings and their characters and populating wonts utilizing PPT

( Giant Pandas, North China Tiger, African Elephant, Dolphin and Gorillas )

T prepares a cartridge holder of picture “ ICE AGE ” in order to steer the pupils to discourse on the grounds of people killing animate beings

To set up context and to utilize scholar ‘s conventional cognition of the animate beings on the whole to unite it with the lesson ‘s subject

T – Second

T – Second


Pre-writing ( B )

I. After feedback, T gives each group a set of images of animate beings and asks them to place the endangered species.

two. After feedback, T advises scholars to look at it complete and this clip, to happen out why are these animate beings in danger and the grounds for it.

To advance group work to place the images, to work out context in groups and to trip bottom-up reading accomplishments

To work out in context intent and audience, in groups and trip top-down reading accomplishments

S – Second

T – Second

S – Second

T – Second


Pre- Teaching Vocabulary

After feedback, T holds the attending of Ss to the unknown word in the context ;

T elicits their significance in context, utilizing mini- lexicon from the New Opportunities Students Book,

To pre-teach unknown vocabulary, to work out its significance in context, utilizing the dictionary and to pattern emphasis, modulation and beat

T – Second

T – Second

S – Second


Pre – Writing ( degree Celsius )

After feedback, T assigns two paragraphs for each group to work on, and hands out a wh-comprehension undertaking to finish for their paragraphs

Ss are to come to the w/b and put the strips of paper one under the other

To pattern reading accomplishments, such as scanning and reading for item

To reorder the strips of paper on the w/b, to show it as a whole, and to utilize it as a springboard for the brainstorming session

S -S

T – Second

S – Second



T asks Ss to believe why some animate beings are endangered and ways of assisting the endangered animate beings

T prepares a cartridge holder of picture “ ICE AGE ” in order to steer the pupils to discourse on the grounds of people killing animate beings

During the activity, T goes about, proctors and provides aid where necessary.

To trip their conventional cognition of the endangered animate beings, to unite their scheme to culturally targeted subjects

All thoughts are to be brainstorm in their group for bring forthing bill of exchanges

S – Second

T – Second

S – Second


While – Writing ( Rough Draft )

Peer rating

Thymine informs them that they will hold to compose their ain thoughts down, in order they like on a piece of paper, -one group member will compose the bill of exchange and the others will give aid and counsel.

During the activity, T goes around proctors and provides aid

Ss exchange documents with the other squad and give remarks on each other ‘s work

To compose a unsmooth bill of exchange, to choose thoughts and to set up a point of view

To advance coaction amongst group members, to peer-evaluate, to offer support and counsel with written work

S – Second

S – Second


While – Writing ( First Draft )

Peer rating

T advises S to rewrite the essay every bit good as select which thoughts will travel to each paragraph, in their squads

T tells them that one of them will compose and the others will assist out

After composing, T tells Ss to trade documents and give them to the other group to remarks

To set up information, to construction the text ( White and Arndt 1991 )

To work collaboratively to accomplish an purpose

To advance co-operation to accomplish a end, to peer evaluate, to react to the first bill of exchange and to give feedback on the content ( Raimes cited in Gaith 2002 )

T – Second

T – Second

S -S

T – Second

S -S


While – Writing ( Second Draft )


T advises S to rewrite the bill of exchanges, much better, now, they ‘ve got the feedback from other groups

After composing, T tells Ss to read out what they ‘ve written

To better the accomplishment of authorship ( Charles 1990 )

To redact, to proof-read content

S – Second

T – Second


Post – Writing ( Finished Draft )

T advises Ss to get down their single authorship on the foolscap paper provided

T gives Ss appraisal Markss based the authorship produced

To show their pieces of complete authorship

S – Second

T – Second